deduction


deduction
deduction, deductive
The use of logical rules to arrive at a set of premisses from which certain conclusions must follow. Deduction begins with theory , moves to hypotheses derived from the theory, and then tests hypotheses via prediction and observations. This approach to testing and theory is often referred to as the hypothetico-deductive method, and since it emphasizes hypotheses, prediction, and testing, is sometimes held to be the method par excellence of science. See also induction.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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